How to treat acne in adults Most of us can empathize. When you wake up in the morning and see a huge flash of oil on your face, where did that pesky pimple come from? Why do adults still suffer from acne?
What causes acne in adults?
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After all, it’s common for people to have adult acne, and there are several factors that can cause these nasty pimples, so let the skincare experts know how adult acne happens, and we’ll talk about how to control acne.
How to treat acne in adults
“At the most basic level, acne is caused by dermatitis,” says Dr. Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in the department of dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.
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The buildup of excess oil, dirt, and bacteria can clog your pores and cause inflammation. However, in some cases, additional factors can cause inflammation in the body, which leads to these nasty imbalances.
For these reasons, experts say:
“Just as hormonal changes lead to acne in adolescence, hormonal changes later in life can cause imbalances that can pave the way for acne, even if you were previously acne-free,” said Desiree Stordahl, director of Paula’s Choice for Applied Research. Young.” And education.
Hormonal fluctuations can increase the amount of fat your body produces. Sebum is a waxy, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands that protect and moisturizes the skin. However, too much oil can lead to oily skin, clogged pores, and annoying acne.
For women, hormonal changes can occur during menstruation, during menopause, while using or stopping birth control, or during pregnancy. However, a hormonal imbalance can also affect men. Yes, testosterone levels start to rise, leading to more sebum production, which can lead to acne.
“The same hormones that prepare our bodies to flee and respond to battle activate the sebaceous glands,” says Dr. Zeichner.
Cortisol is a hormone that alerts your body when it is under stress. It works with the brain to control mood, regulate blood pressure, and increase energy. However, too much cortisol can lead to excess sebum production and acne.
“Stress acne is the actual phenomenon of increased sebum and inflammation as a result of stress hormones,” says Dr. Zeichner.
In other words, when you are stressed, your body produces more cortisol to fight stressful situations, leading to excess sebum production, clogged pores, and acne.
For some people, diet can be an important factor in the spread of grain.
Dr. pointed out. Zeichner notes that foods with a high glycemic index, such as white bread, crackers, and sweets, can cause acne. Dairy products can also cause acne, but there is no conclusive evidence from various studies at this time.
Over the years, research has yielded mixed results and the topic has been highly controversial, as it can cause excess sebum production and lead to acne breakouts.
“You can also discuss the relationship between diet and acne with your doctor,” Stordahl says. “Some people find that reducing or eliminating certain types of foods such as wheat, shellfish, sugar, and dairy improves their skin significantly.
When it comes to acne, clogged pores are one of the main culprits, with hormones, stress, and diet contributing to clogged extra pores.
How to treat acne in adults
Narrowing down the cause of adult acne can be tricky, but both experts agree that there are some techniques that can help combat it.
We will start with the basic ingredients that you can add to your skincare to clean your skin, of course, you can also partner with a board-certified dermatologist for help, with these ingredients our experts recommend:
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Benzoyl peroxide is a common ingredient used to treat acne. It helps reduce bacteria and infections and reduces the appearance of red pimples.
It can be purchased without a prescription or as a prescription product. For sensitive skin, start with a small amount. Stordahl recommends starting with a 2.5% concentration, like Paula’s Choice Clearing Treatment. If you want a stronger dose, she suggests increasing it up to 5%.
Salicylic acid exfoliates dead skin cells and excess sebum. This ingredient keeps pores clean.
“This is a game changer for anyone with acne-prone skin,” Stardahl added. “It has additional benefits such as increased luminosity.”
She also notes that salicylic acid is an anti-inflammatory: it calms active pimples and treats redness associated with acne. She recommended Paula’s Choice Anti-Redness Lotion, which contains 2% salicylic acid.
Topical retinoids create new skin cells that push dead skin and excess oil out of clogged pores. “Topical retinoids like adapalene normalize cell turnover and prevent skin cells from sticking together and clogging pores,” says Dr. Zeichner. “I like to think of them as pipe cleaners.”
Medications may be the best way to treat acne, especially if hormones stimulate excess sebum.
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“Ask your dermatologist about options like birth control pills and spironolactone to help balance the effects of hormones on your skin,” says Dr. Zeichner.
These medicines reduce the secretion of excess fat in the body and eliminate those annoying pimples.
How to prevent acne in adults
Both experts agree that the best way to prevent adult acne is to wash your face daily. Additionally, Dr. Zeichner mentioned cleaning the entire face, not just where the acne is currently located.
“Your face is made up of thousands of pores, and you can’t predict which ones will clog enough to lead to blemishes. So instead of catching pimples, prevent pimples.”
Both experts also suggested reducing stress and maintaining a balanced diet to prevent acne breakouts.
If you suffer from adult acne, there are ways to treat it. From stress management to diet changes to a skincare routine, you have options if you want to get rid of acne.
What causes it and what can be done to prevent it
For adults, acne can be particularly annoying. A treatment that was so effective when we were teenagers may now be ineffective or even make acne worse. If this occurs, you might question whether those blemishes are actually acne. Do adults really get acne, after all?
the causes of adult acne
Acne does occur in adults. Many adults, especially those in their 30s, 40s, and even 50s, still struggle with acne. Even adults have the potential to develop acne for the first time. This is known as “adult-onset acne” by dermatologists. The majority of women who experience it are menopausal women.
Adult acne affects women more frequently than it does men. Adult acne is most likely brought on by one or more of the following factors.
fluctuating levels of hormones: A hormonal imbalance can cause breakouts.
Hormone changes are
What dietary changes can you make to reduce acne?
Steer clear of sodas, pastries, and extra sugar.
Leafy greens and a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables with vitamin C and beta-carotene can be beneficial when it comes to healthy foods because these nutrients have an anti-inflammatory effect. Additionally, several research have indicated a potential link between the use of specific dairy products and acne.
common in women:
- just before their periods
- during perimenopause, menopause, and pregnancy
- following stopping (or starting) the use of birth control pills
Researchers have discovered a link between stress and breakouts of acne. Our bodies increase androgen production in reaction to stress (a type of hormone). Acne may result from these hormones stimulating the skin’s oil glands and hair follicles. This explains why acne when we are under constant stress, can be a persistent issue.
Does a parent, brother, sister, or another close blood relative, have acne? According to research findings, some people may be genetically predisposed to developing acne. Adult acne is more common in people with this predisposition.
Reading the labels on your skincare and hair care products is advised if you have adult acne. Ensure that each container has one of the following words printed on it:
- Never clogs pores
Make sure one of these phrases is present in your moisturizer, cleanser, sunscreen, and all other products. Acne is least likely to be brought on by these products.
A side effect of medication: Some medications can cause acne. Continue taking the medication, but consult the doctor who recommended it if you believe it may be causing your acne or aggravating it. Find out if acne could be a side effect. Ask your doctor if you can switch medications if acne is one of the possible side effects. You might want to visit a dermatologist who can help you control the acne if you are unable to take another medication.
Undiagnosed medical condition: Acne can occasionally be a symptom of another illness. The acne frequently disappears when the underlying problem has been identified and addressed.
There is effective adult acne therapy available.
You should see a dermatologist if your acne doesn’t get better on its own. There are treatments that work. A dermatologist frequently employs two or more therapies. Almost every case of acne is treatable with the assistance of a dermatologist and a little patience.
SUGGESTIONS TO TRY IF ACNE DOESN’T CLEAR
Do you believe you’ve done nearly everything to treat your acne but are still noticing blemishes? Don’t give up. You probably just need to make a few adjustments to see clearer skin.
You can get started by using the dermatologists’ advice listed below.
- Allow a therapy for acne at least 4 weeks to take effect.
It may seem helpful to switch up your acne treatment every few days, but doing so can make your condition worse. Acne therapy takes time to be effective. A new breakout can also be brought on by using a different product every few days and irritating your skin.
In 4 to 6 weeks, if a treatment is effective for you, you should start to feel better. Clearing may not appear for two to three months or more.
Continue the treatment if you experience improvement. You should continue applying the acne treatment even after you notice clearing. This lessens the chance of new breakouts.
When should I visit a dermatologist for acne?
A dermatologist’s visit can stop acne from getting worse. Visiting a dermatologist can help with acne when:
causes nodules and cysts in acne
has not been resolved by over-the-counter medication
makes you uncomfortable, and you desire skin that is clearer
Attack the various acne-causing factors.
Add a second acne product to your regimen if you don’t see results in 4 to 6 weeks.
Attacking the various acne causes with this strategy can be beneficial. Acne can be brought on by bacteria, blocked pores, oil, and inflammation.
Naturally, the second treatment should target a different acne-causing factor. For instance, if you are using a benzoyl peroxide-based acne treatment, the second acne treatment should also contain an acne-fighting ingredient. Here is how each of the active ingredients functions to assist you in choosing a different product:
- P. acnes bacteria are decreased by benzoyl peroxide.
- Adapalene gel and other retinoids clear pores and lessen oiliness.
- Salicylic acid reduces swelling and clears clogged pores.
Any one of these ingredients can be found in acne treatments that you can purchase offline or online. There is no need for a prescription.
Give a few products a try and some time to work. A skin condition called acne can be exacerbated by using too many products.
Adhere to instructions.
Although using an acne treatment can seem fairly simple, how much and how frequently you use it can have a big impact. Make sure to adhere to the instructions. Follow your doctor’s instructions and make use of everything the dermatologist recommended in the treatment plan if a dermatologist-developed it for you.
It’s possible that the acne you have now is caused by using only a portion of the acne medications your dermatologist recommends.
After perspiring and twice daily, wash your face.
Skin that is acne-prone is delicate. Washing more frequently than twice a day can aggravate acne by irritating your skin.
Dermatologists advise cleaning your face whenever you:
- Get up.
- ready to retire to bed
- stifle your face
Quit rubbing your face and other skin that is prone to acne.
You might be tempted to scrape your skin clean if it feels oily, muddy, or unclean. Don’t! Scrubbing can aggravate skin that is prone to acne, making acne worse.
Make use of skincare and cosmetics that don’t aggravate acne.
These items have labels. You might see one of the following on the package:
- Never clogs pores
- no oil
You might need to test several different products before you find ones that don’t make you break out because some of these skin care products may still cause acne in some individuals.
Avoid rubbing, popping, and picking at your pimples.
Although popping a pimple can seem like the quickest way to get rid of it, doing so can actually exacerbate the situation. Acne can get worse if you touch, pick, or pop it.
Don’t just treat your blemishes; apply acne medication to all skin that is prone to acne.
Applying a thin layer to skin that is prone to acne helps treat current breakouts and stop new ones.
enlist the aid of a dermatologist.
A dermatologist can help if you still have acne after using these remedies.
Today’s acne treatments and a dermatologist’s knowledge can virtually eliminate all cases of acne. A dermatologist can create a treatment plan specifically for you.
What changes will you make now that you know what can help clear acne?
If you’re like many women, you believed that all you had to do to obtain clear, smooth skin was make it through adolescence. Therefore, it’s a great disappointment when you’re long past braces and school dances but still have to fight your skin.
If this describes you, you’re not alone; acne isn’t just a problem for teenagers. Adult acne can occur, and women are more likely than males to experience it, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
What causes adult acne and how to treat it are discussed by dermatologist Mary Sheu, M.D., medical director of the Johns Hopkins Dermatology and Cosmetic Center at Green Spring Station.
Are there differences between adult acne and the acne we bothered with as teenagers?
The acne that we typically associate with adolescence and adulthood are the same. It is very typical and can also happen to adults. People typically picture a raised, pink, inflamed bump when they think of a pimple, but that is only one type. Pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, and more severe forms of acne, such as nodulocystic acne, are all included under the umbrella term “acne.”
What brings on acne?
Hormonal shifts may cause acne, particularly in women. Our estrogen levels frequently drop as we age. We all have a rise in male hormones like dihydrotestosterone and testosterone at the same time. The effects of the male hormones are more pronounced in our systems since there are fewer female hormones to counteract their effects. You might notice that your face is producing more oil and that the oil is heavier. Your pores might seem bigger. More acne and congested pores may result from this.
Stress also has an impact. Cortisol is one of the hormones that can rise when under stress. More inflammation may result from this, which may cause or exacerbate acne.
How is acne handled?
For best results, cleanse twice daily regularly to remove old oil and makeup.
I frequently advise using a topical retinoid treatment to exfoliate the face and unclog pores. Retinoids also speed up the division of our skin cells and have some anti-inflammatory properties. The skin heals quicker as a result of this. Retinoids are present in several over-the-counter medications.
Acne can also be reduced with topical anti-inflammatories like dapsone gel. Male hormone effects can be diminished with spironolactone, an oral prescription drug. If you want to get rid of acne more quickly, chemical peels and blue light treatments are also beneficial.
How is acne treated?
The best way to get rid of those buildups of old oil and makeup is through routine cleansing, twice daily.
To clear skin of impurities and exfoliate the skin, I frequently suggest topical retinoid cream. Additionally, retinoids have some anti-inflammatory properties and speed up the division of our skin cells. The skin heals more quickly as a result. Retinoids are found in numerous over-the-counter medications.
Additionally, topical anti-inflammatories like dapsone gel can lessen acne. Male hormone effects can be lessened by taking the oral prescription drug spironolactone. If you want to get rid of acne faster, you can also benefit from chemical peels and blue light treatments.
What qualities need to a cleanser have?
Avoid using too forceful and abrasive cleansers in general, especially if you are already using a topical substance prescribed by your doctor. A creamy cleanser can be a better choice for people with dry and sensitive skin. A mild, foamy cleanser may be preferable for oily skin. Something with salicylic acid can be useful if someone has a lot of blackheads because it looks for oil and unclogs pores. Additionally having antimicrobial qualities, benzoyl peroxide can aid in the removal of dead skin.
What dietary changes can you make to reduce acne?
Steer clear of sodas, pastries, and extra sugar.
Leafy greens and a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables with vitamin C and beta-carotene can be beneficial when it comes to healthy foods because these nutrients have an anti-inflammatory effect. Additionally, several research has indicated a potential link between the use of specific dairy products and acne.
When should you think about taking medication?
It may be time to think about a systemic medication, like an antibiotic, as a next step if your acne has persisted for more than a few months, is leaving scars, and topical therapies have failed.